Return to Common Sense

December 2, 2019

Section: Culture – Family

Traditional marriage as the central building block prevents behavioral problems in boys and psychological problems in girls, but single-parent families are concentrat­ed among blacks and the less educated while hardly occurring at all among women with a college degree.

My criticism is that the gay movement isn’t just asking for civil rights; it’s asking for recognition and acceptance of an alternative lifestyle which I do not believe society can condone, nor can I.” Ronald Reagan


Philosophy (Background, Issues, Objectives):

Marriage is the cornerstone of the family, the ideal union of one man and one woman and the ideal environment for childbearing and childrearing.

o   The norms of marriage apply to maximal experiential union where a couple’s relationship is permanent, each party will share more of his or her life with the other than if they separate, and the expectation of permanence will give rise to a quality of no-holding-back. 

o   The traditionalist assumes a couple is a “reproductive unit” intrinsically valuable whether or not a couple reproduce.

o   Coitus achieves bodily union since the kind of act that is reproductively oriented that the relationships of infertile couples, but not those of same-sex couples, are potentially marital.

o   The “revisionist” understands marriage as only a “maximal experiential union” composed of two persons’ sharing each other’s lives.

o   Marriage is designed to nurture procreation and child rearing.

o   The purpose of the law was to keep states that allow gay marriage from forcing these marriages on other states, under the Full Faith & Credit clause of the US Constitution. 

o   42 states have laws that preserve the traditional definition of marriage, either by state constitutional amendment and/or by statute.

o   Thirty-seven states have their own Defense of Marriage Acts, while 32 states have constitutional amendments protecting traditional marriage. 

§  The bill also includes a definition of “marriage”: the word `marriage’ means only a legal union between one man and one woman as husband and wife, and the word `spouse’ refers only to a person of the opposite sex who is a husband or a wife.

o   In 2013, the Supreme Court ruled that DOMA was unconstitutional as federalism over-reach.

o   While the ceremony for religious and secular marriages differs, the meaning has always been similar.

o   Marriage protects and promotes the wellbeing of children.

o   By 2005 out of wedlock birth rates among blacks increased from 23.6% to nearly 70%.

§  By 2005 out of wedlock birth rates among whites increased from 3.1% to 25.3%.

o   Family breakdown then compounded the problem by condemning children to poverty.

o   Partners who cohabit without the intention of marrying often have short relationships with few benefits.

o   Men and women who cohabit are more likely to experience partner abuse and infidelity.

o   Parenting role of cohabiting partner is vaguely defined, making unstable living arrangement for children.

o   50% of children born to cohabiting parents saw their parents part by age 5, compared with only 15% of children born to married parents.

o   Research shows mothers and fathers spend equal time on work endeavors, including paid and unpaid.

Family is the basic building block of society.

o   Marriage has been both the cornerstone and keystone of civilized societies, while sexual promiscuity has been a corrosive, destructive force weakening a civilization.

o   “Cultures that were more sexually permissive displayed less cultural energy, creativity, intellectual development and individualism, and a slower general cultural ascent.”

o   Adult children choose their own spouses, without arranged marriages;

o   Adult children leave their parents home to form a new, independent family in a new home;

o   The parents do not have a duty to leave their property to any child, and they may sell it during their lives or leave it by will to anyone they choose;

o   Children have no duty to provide for their parents; and

o   Extended families are weak and have no control over personal decisions.

o   In 2000 government spent more than $150 billion subsidizing single parent families.

o   While marriage may not be a cure for poverty, it does turn out to be a fairly reliable preventative.

o   71% of Americans say growth in births of unwed mothers is a “big problem.”

o   69% of Americans think a child needs a home with both a father and a mother.

o   66% of Americans say a single woman with children is a trend that is bad for society.

o   The above three findings are the same regardless of age, race, and education.

o   Children from homes with fathers are nine times more likely to graduate.

o   71% of dropouts come from fatherless homes.

o   92% of children whose families make more than $75k live with two parents.

o   Only 20% of children whose families make less than $15k live with two parents.

o   Only 7% of children of mothers with college degrees are born out of wedlock.

o   The out-of-wedlock birth rate among women who drop out of high school is 15%.

o   The out-of-wedlock birth rate among African-American women is 67%.

o   Boys who are raised by single mothers are twice as likely to end up in prison by age 32.

o   Girls who are born outside of marriage are three times as likely to have a teenage pregnancy.

o   Teens born outside of marriage are about twice as likely to drop out of high school.

Child marriage is defined as marriage carried out below the age of 18.

US divorce rate more than doubled between 1960 and 2000.

o   A more live-and-let-live relationship mentality has arisen that makes individuals much less likely to prioritize marriage.

o   Welfare policy also affects marriage trends, but not as big a role as suspected.

o   The class-related marriage gap is related to the disengagement of less-educated Americans in particular from the institutions of civil society, including religion.

o   Wives precipitate two-thirds to three quarters of all divorces and separations.

o   Divorce rate dropped to 16.5% (first married 1990-1994) among college graduates.

o   Divorce rate has risen to 38% (first married 1990-1994) among high school graduates.

o   Divorce rate has risen to 50% among high school dropouts.

o   Many mothers avoid divorce by never marrying in the first place.

o   Unwed childbearing rates (7%) and divorce rates (10%) for female college graduates are low.

Erosion of the family unit is a global problem.

Statistics of the fatherless family tell a depressing story:

o   In 2002, 7.8% of children in married-couple families were living in poverty, compared to 38.4% of children in mother-only household families.

o   During the year before their babies were born, 43% of unmarried mothers received welfare or food stamps, 21% received some type of housing subsidy, and 9% received another type of government transfer (unemployment insurance etc.).

o   For women who have another child, the proportion who receives welfare or food stamps rises to 54%.

o   A child with a nonresident father is 54% more likely to be poor than his or her father.

o   a 77% greater risk of being physically abused.

o   an 87% greater risk of being harmed by physical neglect.

o   a 165% greater risk of experiencing notable physical neglect.

o   a 74% greater risk of suffering from emotional neglect.

o   an 80% greater risk of suffering serious injury as a result of abuse.

o   overall, a 120% greater risk of being endangered by some type of child.

o   63% of youth suicides are from fatherless homes, 5 times the average.

o   90% of all homeless and runaway children are from fatherless homes; 32 times the average.

o   85% of all children who show behavior disorders come from fatherless homes; 20 times the average;

o   80% of rapists with anger problems come from fatherless homes; 14 times the average;

o   71% of all high school dropouts come from fatherless homes; 9 times the average;

o   75% of all adolescent patients in chemical abuse centers come from fatherless homes; 10 times the average;

o   70% of youths in state-operated institutions come from fatherless homes; 9 times the average;

o   85% of all youths in prison come from fatherless homes; 20 times the average.

o   Adolescents from single-parent families engage in greater and earlier sexual activity.

o   Fatherless children are at much higher risk of drug and alcohol abuse, mental illness, suicide, poor educational performance, teen pregnancy, and criminality.

o   Most abused children come from fatherless homes; only 1/3 abused kids lived with both biological parents.

o   50% of child abuse cases are committed by single mothers.

o   Fatherless children are at dramatically greater risk of suicide..

o   Fatherless boys have much more trouble establishing appropriate sex roles and gender identity.

o   80% of youth psychiatric patients are from fatherless homes.

o   Fatherless children are less cooperative and score lower on IQ tests.

o   Fatherless kids exhibit significantly more conduct problems, and daughters have higher rates of anxiety or depression.

o   “Father hunger” often afflicts boys age 1-2 whose fathers are suddenly and permanently absent. Sleep disturbances, nightmares/ night terrors frequently begin within one to three months after the father leaves home.

o   Children of never-married mothers are more than twice as likely to have been treated for an emotional or behavioral problem.

o   Fatherless children are more likely to have been expelled or suspended from school, to display emotional problems, and to engage in antisocial behavior.

o   Researchers observed “greater levels of aggression in boys from mother-only households than from boys in mother-father households.”

o   80% of adolescents in psychiatric hospitals come from broken homes.

o   Violent school kids are 11 times more likely to live without their fathers and six times more likely to have unmarried parents.

o   43% of prison inmates are fatherless; 14% lived in households without either biological parent; and 14% spent some of their childhood in a foster home, agency or other juvenile institution.

o   72% of adolescent murderers grew up without fathers; 60% of America’s rapists grew up the same way.

o   Only 13% of juvenile delinquents come from families in which the biological mother and father are married to each other. By contract, 33% have parents who are either divorced or separated and 44% have parents who were never married.

o   Fatherless teenage boys are more likely to be incarcerated for delinquent offenses and also manifest worse conduct while incarcerated.

o   70% of juveniles in state reform institutions grew up fatherless.

o   Fatherless males engage in twice as much criminal activity, which triples if their neighborhood has a high concentration of single-parent families.

One of the biggest issues facing America today is our foster care system.

o   One third of 19-year-olds who aged out of the system in California ended up homeless.

o   One in four will become incarcerated within two years of aging out.

o   Almost 70% of women will become pregnant before the age of 21.

o   Those who age out are seven times more likely to develop substance use disorders.

o   Those who age out are five times more likely to experience PTSD.

The government has no role in regulating and institutionalizing sexual activity.

o   A failure of the procreators to act as proper guardians forces the government to build safety-net systems for children whose parents either cannot or will not provide for them.

o   Marriage provides a structure for assigning responsibility for children potentially produced by heterosexual relations.

o   It fixes responsibility for paternity on the husband, regardless of who may have fathered the children during a marriage.

Homosexuals have claimed a “right” not supported by our Constitution.

o   State supreme courts judicially imposed same-sex marriage in Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Iowa.

o   In Vermont, New Hampshire, the District of Columbia, and New York, legislative action has authorized same-sex marriage.

o   For every homosexual pedophile offender about 150 boys are molested whereas about 20 girls are molested per heterosexual pedophile offender.

Homosexuality: nature or nurture is a hot topic of discussion.

A Canadian study acknowledged that gays and lesbians are at higher risk for a number of deadly diseases and disorders that reduce the life spans of gay and bisexual men by 20 years compared to the average man in Canada:

o   The DOJ found that 39% of cohabiting lesbians say they have been raped, attacked, or stalked by a lover, as opposed to 21.7% of heterosexuals who live with men.

o   A lesbian is about twice as likely as a hetero woman to be stalked or slapped around by a live-in lover.

There has been a backlash in Europe promoting traditional family definition and values.

Experiments with same-sex marriage in other countries have had disastrous results.

o   Scandinavians view parenthood as test to see if out to get married.



The institution of marriage itself was not created, and thus can not be redefined, by government.

Marriage is a specific form of kinship with specific obligations:

Ten non-religious reasons to keep marriage traditional:



Defend and strengthen traditional marriage and the family in federal and state law and policies.

Embrace the ‘Culture of Belonging” encouraging the combination of “work, wedlock, and worship.”



Save the Males” by Kathleen Parker published by Random House Publishing, 2008.

Takedown” by Paul Kengor published by WND Books, 2015.

Research looks at cohabitation’s negative effects” by William Harms dated March 2, 2000 published by University of Chicago Chronicle at http://chronicle.uchicago.edu/000302/cohabit.shtml .

The Marrying Kind: Which Men Marry and Why” by Barbara Dafoe Whitehead and David Popenoe dated 2004 published by National Marriage Project at http://marriage.rutgers.edu/Publications/SOOU/TEXTSOOU2004.htm .

Federal incentives exist to make children fatherless” by Phyllis Schlafly dated May 9, 2005 published by Town Hall at http://www.townhall.com/columnists/PhyllisSchlafly/2005/05/09/federal_incentives_exist_to_make_children_fatherless .

Poverty and the Father Factor” by William Raspberry dated August 1, 2005 published by Washington Post at http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/07/31/AR2005073101075.html .

Marriage Movement at the Crossroads” by Carey Roberts dated September 5, 2005 published by Renew America at http://www.renewamerica.us/columns/roberts/050905 .

Marriage and the Public Good: Ten Principles” dated May 2006 published by Witherspoon Institute at http://www.mirrorofjustice.com/mirrorofjustice/2006/06/marriage_and_th.html .

“The Federal Marriage Amendment: Anti-democratic” by Dale Carpenter dated June 12, 2006 published by The Cato Institute at http://www.cato.org/pub_display.php?pub_id=6430 .

Creating a culture of belonging” by Rebecca Hagelin dated August 1, 2006 published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/Press/Commentary/ed080106b.cfm .

Going Beyond Same-Sex Marriage” by Mark Tooley dated August 15, 2006 published by The American Spectator at http://www.spectator.org/dsp_article.asp?art_id=10223 .

Five non-religious arguments for marriage over living together” by Dennis Prager dated October 3, 2006 published by Town Hall at http://www.townhall.com/Columnists/DennisPrager/2006/10/03/five_non-religious_arguments_for_marriage_over_living_together .

“Friends with Benefits? By William C. Duncan dated October 17, 2006 published by National Review Online at http://article.nationalreview.com/?q=YWU5NmQxMDc2NGZiNTM0YTc0NmZjZTBmMmUwNDYzNjc=.

Election 2006: What It Means to the Traditional Family” by Rob Hood dated October 25, 2006 published by American Daily at http://americandaily.com/article/16190 .

A Forest of One Tree” by Jane Jimenez dated October 27, 2006 published by American Daily at http://americandaily.com/article/16209 .

Avoidance Strategy” by Stanley Kurtz dated October 30, 2006 published by National Review Online at http://article.nationalreview.com/?q=MDEwOGYwOTY4NTFlZmU4ZTQ3ZGQyYzk2NWE2Yjc1NmM= .

The Confession” by Stanley Kurtz dated October 31, 2006 published by National review Online at http://article.nationalreview.com/?q=ZDY4Y2U4MGJkODRlZTFhNjk2MjZhZTZlMGMyNmUzZWE= .

The Confession II” by Stanley Kurtz dated November 1, 2006 published by National Review Online at http://article.nationalreview.com/?q=MmRhNTdlNDNkOGQxOGFhNDE3ODdlOGI4ODU5ZDljOGE= .

Mommy or Daddy?” by Ruben Navarrette Jr. dated November 15, 2006 published by Town Hall at http://www.townhall.com/columnists/RubenNavarretteJr/2006/11/15/mommy_or_daddy .

To Wed or Cohabit?” dated February 1, 2007 published by Family Facts at http://www.familyfacts.org/topten/tt_printer.cfm??tt=02/1/2007 .

The Homosexual Assault on Traditional Marriage” by Ben Shapiro dated February 7, 2007 published by Town Hall at http://www.townhall.com/columnists/BenShapiro/2007/02/07/the_homosexual_assault_on_traditional_marriage .

A Secret Plan to Make Same Sex Marriage Legal in America” by David W. New dated February 8, 2007 published by American Daily at http://www.americandaily.com/article/17607 .

Marriage and the Terror War, Part II” by Stanley Kurtz dated February 16, 2007 published by National Review Online at http://article.nationalreview.com/?q=M2RhZTg4ZWM4ZTI0MzkzOWE5MjJkZGMzZTE3ZDllZmM= .

The life-script schism” by Cheryl Wetzstein dated February 22, 2007 published by Washington Times at http://www.washingtontimes.com/culture/20070221-102339-5793r.htm .

The child bride: Assaulting the innocent” by Janice Shaw Crouse dated March 7, 2007 published by Town Hall at http://www.townhall.com/columnists/JaniceShawCrouse/2007/03/07/the_child_bride_assaulting_the_innocent .

Woozles in the Name of Protecting Women” by Carey Roberts dated March 13, 2007 published by American Daily at http://www.americandaily.com/article/17975 .

The World Congress of Families” by Allan C. Carlson dated March 22, 2007 published by Human Events Online at http://www.humanevents.com/article.php?id=19928 .

A Father’s Presence – A Far Greater Predictor of Graduation Than Race or Class” by Rinaldo Del Gallo III dated March 22, 2007 published by American Daily at http://www.americandaily.com/article/18093 .

Marriage and Caste in America: Separate and Unequal Families in Post-Marital Age” by Kay S. Hymowitz dated January 30, 2007 published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/Research/Family/hl1005.cfm .

The 10 Commandments for Husbands” by Doug Giles dated April 14, 2007 published by Town Hall at http://www.townhall.com/columnists/DougGiles/2007/04/14/the_10_commandments_for_husbands .

The Incredible Shrinking Father” by Kay S. Hymowitz dated May 8, 2007 published by Front Page Magazine at http://www.frontpagemagazine.com/Articles/ReadArticle.asp?ID=28189 .

The frayed knot” dated May 24, 2007 published by The Economist at http://www.economist.com/printedition/PrinterFriendly.cfm?story_id=9218127 .

Proof, Once Again, that Homosexuality is Forgivable” by Rob Hood dated July 4, 2007 published by American Daily at http://www.americandaily.com/article/19488 .

What do Americans think about marriage?” by Maggie Gallagher dated July 5, 2007 published by Town Hall at http://www.townhall.com/columnists/MaggieGallagher/2007/07/05/what_do_americans_think_about_marriage .

’Gays’ Don’t Want ‘Marriage’ After All” by Matt Barber dated July 8, 2007 published by Town Hall at http://www.townhall.com/columnists/MattBarber/2007/07/08/%e2%80%9cgays%e2%80%9d_don%e2%80%99t_want_%e2%80%9cmarriage%e2%80%9d_after_all .

Married Today, Gone Tomorrow” by Janice Shaw Crouse dated September 27, 2007 published by Town Hall at http://www.townhall.com/columnists/JaniceShawCrouse/2007/09/27/married_today,_gone_tomorrow .

Love and Marriage… Discrimination” by James M. Thunder dated October 9, 2007 published by The American Spectator at http://www.spectator.org/dsp_article.asp?art_id=12137 .

How Firm a Foundation?” by Ken Connor dated November 4, 2007 published by Town Hall at http://www.townhall.com/columnists/KenConnor/2007/11/04/how_firm_a_foundation .

The Incontrovertible Facts About Fathers” by Janice Shaw Crouse dated February 27, 2008 published by Town Hall at http://www.townhall.com/columnists/JaniceShawCrouse/2008/02/27/the_incontrovertible_facts_about_fathers .

Family Ties” by Duncan Currie dated March 27, 2008 published by American Enterprise Institute at http://www.aei.org/publications/filter.all,pubID.27712/pub_detail.asp .

Gay Marriage: Even Liberals Know It’s Bad” by Frank Turek dated May 26, 2008 published by Town Hall at http://www.townhall.com/columnists/FrankTurek/2008/05/26/gay_marriage_even_liberals_know_its_bad .

Protecting marriage to protect children” by David Blankenhorn dated September 19, 2008 published by Los Angeles Times at http://www.latimes.com/news/opinion/la-oe-blankenhorn19-2008sep19,0,2093869.story .

Marriage Moves Voters” by William C. Duncan dated November 7, 2008 published by National Review Online at http://article.nationalreview.com/?q=ZjJjNDQyOWUzYTNmZGFiMDkzNTZhYTExYTM2ZjliM2M= .

Gay Rights, Gay Rage” by Robert Stacy McCain dated November 17, 2008 published by The American Spectator at http://www.spectator.org/archives/2008/11/17/gay-rights-gay-rage .

Girls Need a Dad and Boys Need a Mom” by Janice Shaw Crouse dated January 3, 2009 published by American Thinker at http://www.americanthinker.com/2009/01/girls_need_a_dad_and_boys_need.html .

Reducing Poverty by Revitalizing Marriage in Low-Income Communities” by Robert Rector dated January 13, 2009 published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/Research/Family/sr45.cfm .

Defending Marriage” by Thomas M. Messner and Jennifer A. Marshall dated January 13, 2009 published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/Research/Family/sr46.cfm .

Preserving Marriage in Substance, Not Just Name” by Ryan T. Anderson dated March 11, 2009 published by National Review Online at http://article.nationalreview.com/?q=NTM2YmQ3ZDZlNmYzMWNhYzE0MmE1OWVhMmM5ODUzOGI= .

The Real Pregnancy Crisis” by W. Bradford Wilcox dated May 22, 2009 published by The Wall Street Journal at http://online.wsj.com/article/SB124294779002345281.html .

The Worst Thing About Gay Marriage” by Sam Schulman dated June 1, 2009 published by The Weekly Standard at http://www.weeklystandard.com/Content/Public/Articles/000/000/016/533narty.asp .

Homosexuals kids more likely to be what?” by Bob Unruh dated June 8, 2009 published by World Net Daily at http://www.worldnetdaily.com/index.php?fa=PAGE.view&pageId=100593 .

The Failed Case for…” by Jack Kerwick dated February 19, 2010 published by Intellectual Conservative at http://www.intellectualconservative.com/2010/02/19/the-failed-case-for-gay-marriage/ .

Five Myths about Same Sex Marriage” by Janice Shaw Crouse dated March 9, 2010 published by Town Hall at http://townhall.com/columnists/JaniceShawCrouse/2010/03/09/five_myths_about_same_sex_marriage .

Obama Celebrates ‘Gay Pride’ as HIV Cases Rise” by Cliff Kincaid dated June 21, 2010 published by Accuracy in Media at http://www.aim.org/aim-column/obama-celebrates-gay-pride-as-hiv-cases-rise/ .

Making Federal Policy Marriage-Friendly” dated August 17, 2010 published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/Research/Reports/2010/08/Making-Federal-Policy-Marriage-Friendly .

Obama to God and America: You’re Wrong About Marriage” by Robert Knight dated March 3, 2011 published by Town Hall at http://townhall.com/columnists/robertknight/2011/03/03/obama_to_god_and_america_youre_wrong_about_marriage .

Two Views of Marriage: and the Falsity of the Choice Between Them” by Jason Lee Steorts dated April 4, 2011 published by National Review Online at http://www.nationalreview.com/articles/263672/two-views-marriage-jason-lee-steorts

Real Marriage” by Sherif Girgis dated April 5, 2011 published by National Review Online at http://www.nationalreview.com/articles/263679/real-marriage-sherif-girgis .

People Without Integrity Reject Facts About Homosexuality” by Don Boys dated January 5, 2012 published by American Prophet at http://www.americanprophet.org/People-Without-Integrity-Reject-Facts-About-Homosexuality.htm .

Phony Divide Between Fiscal and Social Issues” by Phyllis Schlafly dated March 6, 2012 published by Town Hall at http://townhall.com/columnists/phyllisschlafly/2012/03/06/phony_divide_between_fiscal_and_social_issues .

For Women Under 30, Most Births Occur Outside Marriage” by Jason DeParle and Sabrina Tavernise dated February 17, 2012 published by The New York Times at http://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/18/us/for-women-under-30-most-births-occur-outside-marriage.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0 .

Defining Deviancy Down” by Star Parker dated March 12, 2012 published by Town Hall at http://townhall.com/columnists/starparker/2012/03/12/defining_deviancy_down .

If Same Sex Marriage Is a Civil Rights Issue…” by Grant Dossetto dated May 13, 2012 published by American Thinker at http://www.americanthinker.com/2012/05/if_same_sex_marriage_is_a_civil_rights_issue.html .

What same-sex ‘marriage’ has done to Massachusetts” by Brian Camenker dated June 2012 published by Mass Resistance at http://www.massresistance.org/docs/marriage/effects_of_ssm_2012/index.html

Circumventing Citizens on Marriage: A Survey” by Dominique Ludvigson dated October 9, 2012 published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/research/reports/2012/test/circumventing-citizens-on-marriage-a-survey .

Fathers disappear from households across America” by Luke Rosiak dated December 25, 2012 published by Washington Times at http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2012/dec/25/fathers-disappear-from-households-across-america/ .

Ten Non-Religious Reasons to Keep Marriage Traditional” by James Arlandson dated January 13, 2013 published by American Thinker at http://www.americanthinker.com/2013/01/ten_non-religious_reasons_to_keep_marriage_traditional.html .

Is Fatherhood Being Killed so the State Can Play God?” by Kelly O’Connell dated February 3, 2013 published by Canada Free Press at http://www.canadafreepress.com/index.php/article/52852 .

The Biblical Norm for Marriage” by James Arlandson dated February 24, 2013 published by American Thinker at http://www.americanthinker.com/2013/02/the_biblical_norm_for_marriage.html .

Marriage: What It Is, Why It Matters, and the Consequences of Redefining It” by Ryan T. Anderson dated March 11, 2013 published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/research/reports/2013/03/marriage-what-it-is-why-it-matters-and-the-consequences-of-redefining-it .

LGBTs Can Thrive By Building Courageous Bridges” by Donna Underwood dated March 26, 2013 published by American Thinker at http://www.americanthinker.com/2013/03/lgbts_can_thrive_by_building_courageous_bridges.html .

Government should get out of the marriage business” by Edward Morrissey dated March 26, 2013 published by The Week at http://theweek.com/bullpen/column/241862/government-should-get-out-of-the-marriage-business# .

The Deconstruction of Marriage” by Daniel Greenfield dated March 28, 2013 published by Canada Free Press at http://canadafreepress.com/index.php/article/54107 .

Family Meltdown” by Robert Samuelson dated April 15, 2013 published by Real Clear Politics at http://www.realclearpolitics.com/articles/2013/04/15/family_meltdown_117945.html .

The Social Costs of Abandoning the Meaning of Marriage” by Ryan T. Anderson dated September 9, 2013 published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/research/reports/2013/09/the-social-costs-of-abandoning-the-meaning-of-marriage .

How to Revive the American Family” by Michael Lotus dated October 7, 2013 published by Real Clear Religion at http://www.realclearreligion.org/articles/2013/10/07/how_to_revive_the_american_family.html .

The Straight Dope on Homosexuality” by Elizabeth McCaw dated December 26, 2013 published by Taki’s Magazine at http://takimag.com/article/the_straight_dope_on_homosexuality_elizabeth_mccaw/page_2#axzz2p0sGuiEn .

Nobody is ‘born that way,’ gay historians say” by David Benhof dated March 19, 2014 published by The Daily Caller at http://dailycaller.com/2014/03/19/nobody-is-born-that-way-gay-historians-say/ .

All the gay parentlng studies are flawed” by David Benkof dated March 25, 2014 published by The Daily Caller at http://dailycaller.com/2014/03/25/all-the-gay-parenting-studies-are-flawed/ .

Marriage: Where Do We Go From Here?” by Ryan T. Anderson dated May 22, 2014 published by National Review Online at http://www.nationalreview.com/article/378538/marriage-where-do-we-go-here-ryan-t-anderson .

What an Intact Family Has to Do with the American Dream, in Six Charts” by W. Bradford Wilcox and Robert I. Lerman dated October 30, 2014 published by National Review Online at http://www.nationalreview.com/article/391448/what-intact-family-has-do-american-dream-six-charts-w-bradford-wilcox-robert-i-lerman .

The Global Flight from the Family” by Nicholas Eberstadt dated February 21, 2015 published by The Wall Street Journal at http://www.wsj.com/articles/nicholas-eberstadt-the-global-flight-from-the-family-1424476179 .

Why Conservatives Defend ‘Traditional Marriage’” by Brian Ferguson dated June 12, 2015 published by Intellectual Conservative at http://intellectualconservative.com/why-conservatives-defend-classical-marriage-2/ .

Less Marriage, More Inequality” by W. Bradford Wilcox and Anne Sutherland dated April 15, 2016 published by National Review Online at http://www.nationalreview.com/article/434124/income-inequality-marriage-closes-gap .

Monogamy is Moral, Promiscuity is Not” by Charlotte Cushman dated January 30, 2018 published by American Thinker at http://www.americanthinker.com/articles/2018/01/monogamy_is_moral_promiscuity_is_not.html .

The marvel of the human dad” by Anna Machin dated January 19, 2019 published by Aeon at https://aeon.co/essays/the-devotion-of-the-human-dad-separates-us-from-other-apes .

Who Heeds America’s Shadow Children?” by Ericka Andersen dated December 2, 2019 published by The American Conservative at https://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/who-heeds-americas-shadow-children/ .