Civil Rights

Return to Common Sense

July 23, 2019

Section: Culture – Civil Rights

Race has no basis in physical anthropology, cultural anthropology, genetics, or any other branch of science; only a single category with a single subspecies Homo sapiens, the only race on earth for at least 30,000 years.

All, too, will bear in mind this sacred principle, that though the will of the majority is in all cases to prevail, that will, to be rightful, must be reasonable; that the minority possess their equal rights, which equal laws must protect, and to violate would be oppression.” Thomas Jefferson.


Philosophy (Background, Issues, Objectives):

One of America’s founding principles is on every coin: E Pluribus Unum - Out of many, we’re one.

Civil rights legislation was passed to overcome institutional racism.

In 1963 Martin Luther King said “I have a dream that my four children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.”

Slavery has existed since the dawn of time.

o   Romans made slaves of conquered civilizations and treated them as property with no voting rights, used them for sexual exploitation, and even executed.

o   Arabs introduced slavery into Africa as part of Indian Ocean slave trade from 650AD to 1900.

o   1 million Europeans were enslaved including 700 Americans in Barbary conflict for manual labor, and females sold as concubines.

o   When England and U.S. outlawed slavery the Arab slave trade actually increased.

o   16 million are in forced labor.

o   15 million are in forced marriages.

o   5 million are in forced sexual exploitation.

o   4 million suffer from state-sponsored forced labor camps.

o   1 million girls are victims of sex trafficking.

Objective measures of racial progress show vast improvement and much has been achieved.

o   Blacks who immigrate to America are more successful than blacks born in the U.S.

o   Values diverge based on income, education, and ability to overcome racial discrimination.

o   In 2007 88% of blacks reported being “very satisfied” or “somewhat satisfied” with their lives.

§  The greater percentage of blacks live either middle-class or better lives.

§  The majority of blacks live in integrated neighborhoods (with at least 10% of neighbors belonging to "other races").

§  Black-white marriage has soared — after anti-miscegenation laws were struck down by the Supreme Court in 1967 — from 65,000 in 1970 to 422,000 in 2005.

§  20.5% of blacks lacked health insurance in 2006, as compared to 15.8% of total population.

o   If black Americans' gross domestic product were measured separately, it would be the 16th-richest country in the world.

§  The employment rate for married black men equals that for married white men.

§  The average black woman with a college degree makes more money than the average white woman with a college degree.

§  The highest percentage of blacks in U.S. history (46%) own their homes.

§  Percentage of blacks with income below poverty has dropped from 87% in 1940 to 42% in 1966 to less than 25% in 2006.

§  Nearly 80% of blacks live above the poverty level vs. 65% 40 years ago.

§  Median household income has increased from $23.5k in 1968 to $26.5k in 1986 to 32k in 2006.

o   Meanwhile blacks have achieved the highest levels in government, business, and sports

§  A black man served as U.S. ambassador to the United Nations.

§  A black man served as chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

§  Two blacks have served as members of the United States Supreme Court.

§  The predominately white American Medical Association elected a black physician as leader.

§  The American Bar Association elected a black president.

§  The Ford Foundation, one of America's largest philanthropic private foundations, with 2007 assets valued at $13.7 billion, was led for 12 years by a black man.

§  Blacks hold or have held CEO positions at major companies such as Merrill Lynch, American Express and Time Warner.

§  Black-owned businesses grow at a rate faster than white-owned businesses.

§  The multiracial Tiger Woods is the world's most famous and wealthiest athlete in earnings and product endorsements.

§  Major League Baseball is made up of 40% black, Latino and Asian players.

§  The Super Bowl, the most-watched sporting event in America, recently featured two teams headed by black coaches.

§  Black women have won the Miss America beauty pageant.

§  Black economist and best-selling author Thomas Sowell, based on the number of newspapers that carry his column, is one of the country's top 10 columnists.

§  "The Cosby Show," a positive, upbeat sitcom about a black, upper-middle-class family, reigned for years as America's most-watched television program.

§  Black faces on television abound — in commercials, as local and national news anchors, and in shows playing a variety of characters — from doctors and lawyers up to and including the president of the United States.

§  Will Smith, a black actor, tops the list of the nation's movie box-office stars.

§  Black actor Samuel L. Jackson appeared in more movies than any other actor of any color during the 1990s.

§  Black television host Oprah Winfrey, arguably one of the most powerful television personalities in the history of the medium, has amassed, to date, a fortune estimated at $2.5 billion.

§  Blacks serve or have served as mayors in many U.S. cities, including the three largest — New York, Los Angeles and Chicago.

§  The current speaker of the California Assembly is the first black woman to head a statewide legislative body.

§  Blacks make up 10% of the House of Representatives, including some from primarily white Southern districts.

§  A black man chairs the powerful House Ways and Means Committee .

§  A black man served as chairman of the Democratic National Committee.

§  Virginia, one of the states of the original Confederacy, elected a black man governor.

§  The Republican Party, in the last election cycle, nominated blacks as candidates for governor of Ohio, governor of Pennsylvania and senator from Maryland.

§  Blacks have served the current administration as back-to-back secretaries of state.

§  Los Angeles, devastated by the Watts riots in 1965, with a population 11% black, hired back-to-back black police chiefs.

Preferences / quotas / affirmative action institutionalize reverse discrimination.       

o   Government employers may "not discriminate against any employee or applicant for employment because of race, creed, color, or national origin" and "take affirmative action to ensure that applicants are employed, and that employees are treated during employment, without regard to their race, creed, color, or national origin."

o   Slavery was an ancient and universal institution, not a distinctly American innovation.

o   Slavery existed only briefly, and in limited locales, in the history of the Republic – involving only a tiny percentage of the ancestors of today’s Americans.

o   Though brutal, slavery wasn’t genocidal; live slaves were valuable but dead captives brought no profit.

o   It’s not true that the U.S. became a wealthy nation through the abuse of slave labor: the most prosperous states in the country were those that first freed their slaves.

o   While America deserves no unique blame for the existence of slavery, the United States merits special credit for its rapid abolition.

o   There is no reason to believe that today’s African-Americans would be better off if their ancestors had remained behind in Africa.

o   Gerrymandering enforced judicially mandated districts formed to guarantee minority representation.

o   A 2011 Congressional Research Service (CRS) survey of federal affirmative-action policies uncovered 12 government-wide and 264 agency-specific statutes that require or encourage such preferences; the grand total of 276.

o   Affirmative action operates on a presumption of collective grievance.

o   Racial preferences admit lower qualified applicant’s entry.

o   Once accepted, those with lower qualifications have lower probability of finishing / prospering.

o   People succeed because they are skilled and driven, not because they have Harvard degrees.

o   Almost all black students are admitted to law school with drastically lower college and LSAT grades than their white and Asian students.

§  At elite law schools 51% of black students had first-year grades that put them in the bottom 10% of their class, and two-thirds are in the bottom fifth as opposed to 7% white students.

§  At elite law schools black students had a higher failing and dropout rate, 19% compared to 8% for white students.

§  Blacks are four times as likely to fail the bar exam on the first try compared with 78% of whites.

§  Even after multiple attempts, only 57% of blacks succeeded in passing the bar.

o   A Duke study found that admitting aspiring minority scientists to schools where they are less prepared than their peers is counterproductive.

§  Duke admits black students with SAT scores on average over one standard deviation below those of whites and Asians.

§  Not surprisingly, blacks’ grades in their first semester are significantly lower than those of other ethnic groups, but by senior year, the difference between black and white students’ grades has shrunk almost 50%.

§  Blacks improve their GPAs because they switch disproportionately out of more demanding science and economics majors into the humanities and soft social sciences, which grade much more liberally and require less work.

§  Of incoming students who reported a major, more than 76% of black male freshmen at Duke intended to major in the hard sciences or economics, higher even than the percentage of white male freshmen who anticipated such majors.

§  More than half of those would-be black science majors switched track in the course of their studies, while less than 8% of white males did, so that by senior year, only 35% of black males graduated with a science or economics degree, while more than 63% of white males did.

o   India's founders constitutionally banning “untouchability” in 1950 and guaranteed equal treatment under the law for everyone regardless of caste, sex, religion or race.

o   They created a list or "schedule" of all the dalit sub-castes deserving preferential treatment and handed them a percentage of the seats in the parliament and state legislatures.

o   They also gave them a fixed percentage of all public-sector jobs and guaranteed spots in public or publicly funded universities.

o   The scheme was supposed to last 10 years, but instead it assumed a life of its own, making scheduled-caste status a bigger driver of success than individual merit..

o   Quotas have become a fact of life in India because they are the major currency with which Indian politicians buy votes.

·         “Disparate impact” is the favored but dubious legal theory that asserts discrimination purely on the results, with no proof of any intent of discrimination.

o   The only thing the “disparate impact” logic proves is correlation, not causation.

·         Affirmative action replaced old injustices with new ones; it divides rather than unites it.

Despite evidence to the contrary, diversity asserts that a racial mix improves environment.

o   Corporate diversity training sells guilt and stereotypes to unsuspecting employees.

o   Ethnic diversity reduces interpersonal trust, civic engagement, and charitable giving.

o   Ethnic diversity causes us to disengage from society, like turtles shrinking into their shells, reducing our overall quality of life.

o   The more diversity we experience in our lives, the less happy we are.

After a half-century of racial preferences, the entire victim industry has become obsolete, as illiberal as it is counterproductive.

Blacks traditionally vote Democrat despite a political history undermining the Civil Rights agenda.

The National Black Republicans Association (NBRA) has researched political parties and civil rights actions:

African Americans migrated from the rural South to the urban North, which began during WWI.

The ten biggest problems facing African Americans today, ranked in order of despair caused:

  1. Lack of opportunity and safety (loss of urban jobs and failure to control crime).
  2. Breakdown of the family (government dependency more attractive than husbands).
  3. Black anti-intellectualism (succeeding academically is branded ‘acting white’).
  4. Failure of urban K-12 schools (only 30-40% of black males graduate).
  5. High incarceration rate of black men (nearly 80% of violent crime against blacks).

o   Blacks commit 90% of the 1.7 million interracial crimes of violence in the U.S.

o   Blacks are more than 50 times more likely to commit violent crime against whites than the other way around.

o   56% of violent crimes committed by blacks have white victims.

o   94% of black murder victims are killed by other blacks.

o   Black men commit 15,000 rapes of white women every year in the U.S.

  1. Reduced respect for human life (nearly 30% of all abortions).
  2. Licensing requirements (barriers to labor intensive entrepreneurial opportunities).
  3. Victimology (ongoing and collective victimization of a group).
  4. Radical relativism (lack of criticism of any obscene behavior).
  5. Excessive race-consciousness (insincere acknowledgement of any advancement in race relations).

Civil rights have degenerated into a victim based business.

o   Entrenched, multi-generational poverty is largely black.

o   There is an out-of-wedlock teen-pregnancy epidemic.

Slavery reparations have come up repeatedly since the Civil War and Emancipation with little chance of success.

o   Jurisprudential tradition disapproves of attaching liability to actions that were lawful or required by law when they happened.

o   Lack of a reasonably direct and “particularized” link between the misconduct of a specific defendant and the injury suffered by a specific plaintiff.

o   Statutes of limitation would dispose of most of the claims.

o   Sovereign immunity, which generally provides that one can sue governments for cash damages only with their consent.

o   The first slaves were brought to the United States from Africa by the Dutch in 1619, 157 years before the Declaration of Independence was written. 

o   Africans themselves sold people from tribes they conquered in battle into slavery. 

o   The first recorded slave owner in the United States was a black man. 

o   There is no person alive in America today who was either a slave or a slave owner during the period of American slavery. 

o   Who would receive payments?

o   Who would pay?

o   How would funds be collected and distributed?

o   Who would control and administer the funds collected?

o   Who would make the decisions about who pays into the fund and who receives payment from the fund?

o   What would happen to Americans now living in racial harmony?

Hispanic Americans are experiencing the same family erosions similar to African Americans.

·         More than half of all young Hispanic children in families headed by a single mother are living below the poverty line.

·         Half of all Hispanic children are born out of wedlock.

Culture may be the root cause explaining the disparity of outcomes between groups.

o   Among college graduates, black women earn slightly more money than white women did.

o   U.S. Census data show black college-educated couples out-earned their white counterparts.

o   Despite being subjected to the same racist treatment by local whites, second-generation West Indian black families were highly successful, out-earning American black families by 58%, and even out-earning the national average income by 15%.

o   Though only 8% of the U.S. black population in the 2010 census, 41% of African Americans attending Ivy League schools were of immigrant origin in 1999.



There are essentially but four definitions or models of "racism":

Racial equality has basically been achieved, and any exceptions should be prosecuted.

Assimilate minorities into American society as soon as possible so they can become contributing citizens:



Abandon the three pronged model of preferences, entitlements, and group rights:

o   Redraw House districts to reflect common areas, not common racial make-up.

o   Eliminate all racial classifications not justified by a compelling government interest.

Endorse cultural personal responsibilities as part of the civil rights solution.

Repeal President Clinton’s 2000 Executive Order #13175 establishing Native-American tribal governments as a “fourth-level” of government equal with state and local governments.



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Forty Acres and a Gap in Wealth” by Henry Louis Gates Jr. dated November 18, 2007 published by New York Times at http://www.nytimes.com/2007/11/18/opinion/18gates.html?ref=opinion .

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Digging Up Democrat Skeletons” by La Shawn Barber dated February 7, 2008 published by Town Hall at http://www.townhall.com/columnists/LaShawnBarber/2008/02/07/digging_up_democratic_skeletons .

True Colors – How do you measure racial progress?” by Duncan Currie dated February 15, 2008 published by Weekly Standard at http://www.weeklystandard.com/Content/Public/Articles/000/000/014/738uddel.asp .

Six Uncomfortable Truths About Race in America” by John Hawkins dated April 4, 2008 published by Town Hall at http://www.townhall.com/columnists/JohnHawkins/2008/04/04/six_uncomfortable_truths_about_race_in_america .

The Hispanic Family: The Case for National Anthem” by Heather Mac Donald dated April 14, 2008 published by National Review Online at http://article.nationalreview.com/?q=NmI3Yjk0ZjMxNmEyMjI1ZWU3Y2MwNTBlMTUyYWVmMmE= .

This Is How We Lost to the White Man” by Ta-Nehisi Coates dated May 2008 published by The Atlantic at http://www.theatlantic.com/doc/200805/cosby .

Left-Wing Racism Remembered” by Floyd and Mary Beth Brown dated May 19, 2008 published by Front Page Magazine at http://www.frontpagemagazine.com/Articles/Read.aspx?GUID=48C9DB38-CD7D-4912-8FD9-2295DCB899CF .

Obama Victory Caps 40 Years of Rapid Gains” by Larry Elder dated June 5, 2008 published by Investor’s Business Daily at http://www.ibdeditorials.com/IBDArticles.aspx?id=297552260318981 .

Fair enough?” by Jonathon Kaufman dated June 14, 2008 published by The Wall Street Journal at http://online.wsj.com/public/article_print/SB121340482731674019.html .

The Quotas That Won’t Die” by Jennifer Rubin dated July 21, 2008 published by The Weekly Standard at http://www.weeklystandard.com/Content/Public/Articles/000/000/015/315zkwbx.asp .

The Great African-American Awakening” by Myron Magnet dated Summer 2008 published by City Journal at http://www.city-journal.org/2008/18_3_african_american_awakening.html .

Academic Mismatch I” by Walter E. Williams dated September 3, 2008 published by Town Hall at http://townhall.com/columnists/WalterEWilliams/2008/09/03/academic_mismatch_i .

What’s Next for Affirmative Action?” by Richard D. Kahlenberg dated November 6, 2008 published by The Atlantic at http://www.theatlantic.com/doc/200811u/obama-affirmative-action .

An Enduring Crisis for the Black Family” by Kay Hymowitz dated December 6, 2008 published by Washington Post at http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/12/05/AR2008120503088.html?sub=new .

A Preference for Truth” by Heather MacDonald dated Autumn 2008 published by City Journal at http://www.city-journal.org/2008/18_4_snd-racial_quotas.html .

Reparations, R.I.P.” by Walter Olson dated Autumn 2008 published by City Journal at http://www.city-journal.org/2008/18_4_reparations.html .

Time to Set Aside Set-Asides” by Michael G. Franc dated January 27, 2009 published by National Review Online at http://article.nationalreview.com/?q=M2NmMzM4Nzk2ODBiNjE5NDA1ZGZkMDVlZDk5MTdkMmU= .

Requiem for the Word ‘Racism’” by Jack Kerwick dated February 12, 2009 published by Intellectual Conservative at http://www.intellectualconservative.com/2009/02/12/requiem-for-the-word-racism/ .

Coloring History” by Rita Kramer dated February 22, 2009 published by American Thinker at http://www.americanthinker.com/2009/02/coloring_history.html .

Hating Whitey” by Selwyn Duke dated February 22, 2009 published by American Thinker at http://www.americanthinker.com/2009/02/hating_whitey_1.html .

Gospel of dependence from National Urban League” by Star Parker dated March 30, 2009 published by Town Hall at http://townhall.com/columnists/StarParker/2009/03/30/gospel_of_dependence_from_national_urban_league .

The Husks of Dead Theories” by John Derbyshire dated April 24, 2009 published by National review Online at http://article.nationalreview.com/?q=YjIwZTAwODBjNjZmNzRlMWViMDYwOTEwZDZhOWIyZWI= .

“The De Facto Slavery of the American People” by Nathan Tabor dated June 28, 2009 published by Town Hall at http://townhall.com/columnists/NathanTabor/2009/06/28/the_de_facto_slavery_of_the_american_people .

Another Missed Opportunity for America’s First Black President” by Sharon Kass dated July 25, 2009 published by Intellectual Conservative at http://www.intellectualconservative.com/2009/07/25/another-missed-opportunity-for-america%E2%80%99s-first-black-president/ .

A Smart Solution to the Diversity Dilemma” by Jason Richwine dated August 12, 2009 published by The American Magazine at http://www.american.com/archive/2009/august/dealing-with-diversity-the-smart-way .

The Ibbetson WrightRoad Victimization Index” by Paul A. Ibbetson dated December 30, 2009 published by American Daily at http://americandaily.com/index.php/site/comments/the_ibbetson_wrightroad_victimization_index/ .

A Black-on-Black Discussion of Black Racism” by Lloyd Marcus dated January 16, 2010 published by American Thinker at http://www.americanthinker.com/2010/01/a_black_on_black_discussion_of.html .

Obama and ‘First Americans’” by Phillip C. Bom dated February 13, 2010 published by American Thinker at http://www.americanthinker.com/2010/02/obama_and_first_americans.html .

King had a dream, but blacks now face a nightmare” by Charles W. Bell dated February 18, 2010 published by American Thinker at http://www.americanthinker.com/2010/02/king_had_a_dream_but_blacks_no.html .

India’s Government by Quota” by Shikha Dalmia dated May 4, 2010 published by Reason Magazine at http://reason.com/archives/2010/05/04/indias-government-by-quota .

“Democrats’ Diversity Problem” by Josh Kraushaar dated November 30, 2010 published by National Journal at http://nationaljournal.com/columns/against-the-grain/democrats-diversity-problem-20101130 .

The End of an Idea – Why Affirmative Action Should Stop” by Victor Davis Hanson dated May 16, 2011 published by Pajamas Media at http://pajamasmedia.com/victordavishanson/why-affirmative-action-should-stop/ .

The Expanding Vengeance of Affirmative Action” by Carl Horowitz dated June 18, 2011 published by Town Hall at http://townhall.com/columnists/carlhorowitz/2011/06/18/the_expanding_vengeance_of_affirmative_action .

Justice Department Betrays MLK’s Dream” by Arnold S. Trebach dated October 5, 2011 published by Pajamas Media at http://pajamasmedia.com/blog/justice-department-betrays-mlks-dream/ .

Diversity, Inc.” by Victor Davis Hanson dated December 28, 2011 published by National Review Online at http://www.nationalreview.com/articles/286695/diversity-inc-victor-davis-hanson .

Affirmative Disaster” by Heather MacDonald dated February 20, 2012 published by The Weekly Standard at http://www.weeklystandard.com/articles/affirmative-disaster_626632.html .

8 Ways Blacks Perpetuate Racism and the Only Way to Thwart It” by Walter Hudson dated July 17, 2012 published by PJ Media at http://pjmedia.com/lifestyle/2012/07/17/8-ways-blacks-perpetuate-racism-and-the-only-way-to-thwart-it/ .

American Colonialism” by Michael Bargo Jr. dated April 10, 2013 published by American Thinker at http://www.americanthinker.com/2013/04/american_colonialism.html .

Time to scrap affirmative action” dated April 27, 2013 published by The Economist at http://www.economist.com/news/leaders/21576662-governments-should-be-colour-blind-time-scrap-affirmative-action .

Affirmative Action, Affirmative Slave Chains” by Ellis Washington dated October 19, 2013 published by Intellectual Conservative at http://intellectualconservative.com/index.php/affirmative-action-affirmative-slave-chains .

The Last Test” by Stanley B. Greenberg dated November 2013 published by Politico at http://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2013/11/the-last-test-99498.html .

Black America: Stop the Insanity!” by Lloyd Marcus dated January 30, 2014 published by American Thinker at http://www.americanthinker.com/2014/01/black_america_stop_the_insanity.html .

What Would You Do If Your Unmarried Daughter Got Pregnant?” by Karin McQuillan dated January 30, 2014 published by American Thinker at http://www.americanthinker.com/2014/01/what_would_you_do_if_your_unmarried_daughter_got_pregnant.html .

How the left’s embrace of busing hurt the cause of integration” by Tanner Colby dated February 3, 2014 published by Slate at http://www.slate.com/articles/life/history/features/2014/the_liberal_failure_on_race/how_the_left_s_embrace_of_busing_hurt_the_cause_of_integration.html .

Affirmative action doesn’t work. It never did. It’s time for a new solution” by Tanner Colby dated February 10, 2014 published by Slate at http://www.slate.com/articles/life/history/features/2014/the_liberal_failure_on_race/affirmative_action_it_s_time_for_liberals_to_admit_it_isn_t_working.html .

’Disparate Impact’ Isn’t Enough” by Roger Clegg and Hans A. von Spakovsky dated March 22, 2014 published by National Review Online at http://www.nationalreview.com/article/373958/disparate-impact-isnt-enough-roger-clegg-hans-von-spakovsky .

Congress Can Help End Racial Discrimination” by Roger Clegg , Hans A. von Spakovsky and Elizabeth H. Slattery dated April 15, 2014 published by National Review Online at http://www.nationalreview.com/article/375770/congress-can-help-end-racial-discrimination-roger-clegg-hans-von-spakovsky-elizabeth .

E Pluribus Unum – Reclaiming What Unites Us” by Terry Paulson dated December 29, 2014 published by Town Hall at http://townhall.com/columnists/terrypaulson/2014/12/29/e-pluribus-unumreclaiming-what-unites-us-n1935288 .

Republicans and Race: A Reality Check” by David Catron dated May 4, 2015 published by The American Spectator at http://spectator.org/articles/62592/republicans-and-race-reality-check .

Reparation: The Next Liberal Thing?” by Claire Hawks dated July 4, 2015 published by American Thinker at http://www.americanthinker.com/articles/2015/07/reparations_the_next_liberal_thing.html .

The Secret Racist History of the Democratic Party” by Kimberly Bloom Jackson dated May 3, 2016 published by American Thinker at http://www.americanthinker.com/articles/2016/05/the_secret_racist_history_of_the_democratic_party.html .

Reparations: Accounting Nightmare, Social Disaster” by Hugh Reynolds dated March 12, 2017 published by American Thinker at http://www.americanthinker.com/articles/2017/03/reparations_accounting_nightmare_social_disaster.html .

The Nonsense of Race” by Steven J. Allen dated May 12, 2018 published by American Greatness at https://amgreatness.com/2018/05/12/the-nonsense-of-race/ .

The Racism Treadmill” by Coleman Hughes dated May 14, 2018 published by Quillette at http://quillette.com/2018/05/14/the-racism-treadmill/ .

The Fraudulent Holiday that is Juneteenth” by J.C. Braswell dated June 19, 2018 published by The Resurgent at https://www.themaven.net/theresurgent/contributors/the-fraudulent-holiday-that-is-juneteenth-9peGq57h_ESwRu8W89cGIQ/?mc_cid=edfbd84af9&mc_eid=3062050a98 .